Swollen feet or ankles (peripheral edema) is an increasingly common symptom among the population due to the current lifestyle that involves a sedentary life, obesity, stress, etc.
The causes are very diverse
Hormonal disorders such as those that occur during pregnancy, menopause, menstruation or with hormonal treatment.
Fluid retention, such as salt and water related to taking medications.
Venous circulation problems or the lymphatic system.
Major diseases such as heart, liver or kidney.
Tips to reduce foot swelling
Do not stand or sit still for long periods of time. You must flex your knees and ankles regularly or get up and walk from time to time.
Don't cross your legs.
Do moderate physical exercise: swimming, cycling...
Follow a low-salt diet. Avoid foods like broths, chips, tomato juice, bacon, ham, canned soups, soy sauce, and table salt...
Avoid wearing tight shoes. You should wear loose-fitting shoes that do not over-tighten the foot. The recommended heel is about 3 centimeters.
Elevate your feet when sitting or lying down. Help yourself with pillows or cushions.
Perform exercises to activate circulation. Take off your shoes, put a tennis ball on the ground and move it with the soles of your feet.
Try foot baths with hot water and salt, they are very effective, as well as massages with essential oils or olive oil.
If the swelling is severe, consider wearing vascular compression stockings.
Control your weight daily. Tell your doctor if you gain weight suddenly.
Medical recommendations for swelling symptoms
In addition to all of the above advice and depending on the cause of the swelling, your doctor may prescribe a diuretic. Diuretics are often colloquially known as "pee pills" because they work by removing excess fluid from the urine.
Your doctor is also likely to recommend that you go on a diet or see a dietitian to help you adapt a diet according to your case.
Fuentes: medlineplus.gov | mejorconsalud.com